Motion Photo Pictorialism 6

Paulette Campbell
Sarah Witchlacz
P106

Eadweard J. Muybridge : 1st photographer to show true motion. Turns lens cap on and off and the film is more sensitive. 1830 he was a book seller in England. He was a fan of photography. He did the experiment of the Galloping horses in 1878 because of a bet Ireland Sandford made. The photograph made a name for Muybridge and did nothing for Sandford. University of Pennsylvania hired him so he can show how animals and people move.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/eadweard_muybridge.com
Seizing The Light A Social History Of Photography page # 132

Thomas Eakins : (1844-1916) He hung out with Muybridege. He was also interested in the same things and wanted to see how the human body worked. He would photograph them then paint them. He photographed Walt Whitman in 1891. He also took an interested in birds to see how they moved. he used a wheel or a disk camera to capture the movement on one plate.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Eakins.com
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Etime J. Marey: (1830-1904) Just like Muybridge he liked to capture movement. Instead of using multi cameras he used one with 12 lenses. Unlike Muybridge he was interested in how it worked not how it looked. His overlapping images offered new methods of seeing and thinking of motion, speed and time. He also invented the motion suit. It is huge in sports and his method is still used today. The suit you wear can analyze the motion threw the photo. He can get the motion of a human doing something.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etlenne-Jules_Marey.com
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Fred Holland Day: (1864-1933) he was an openly gay man. He photographed a lot of men nude. His photos looked hand drawn. “Beauty is truth, truth is beauty” he would photo pretty men. He would have a studio and dress men up in different outfits. He was arrested for having sex with a man. After he got out of prison he dressed himself up as Jesus Christ in 1912. Alfred Stieglitz cuts him off because he finds out Day is gay and Day becomes so depressed he stays in bed for 11years.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F._Holland_Day.com
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Gertrude Kasebier: (1852-1934) she was an Iowa woman. She used non silver process, gumbichromat process and hand drawn grader print. Painting and oils on top of photo then put the gumbichromat of it. 1st American woman who was elected to the Link Ring in 1900. She went on to help find the Pictorial Photographers of America in 1916.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gertrude_Kasebier.com
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Anne W. Brigman: (1869-1950) she puts lens on photos to make them look like paintings. She was a”hippy” who moved from Hawaii to California. She was Japanese influenced. She photographed her husband nude in 1908 and it shocked the world.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Brigman.com
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Robert Demach: (1859-1936) he photographed auto races. He used the gumbichromat process that brings out the gran in the photographs. He waned to have his photos look like a charcoal painting. He was a founding member of the Photo-Club de Paris.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Demachy.com
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