Recording The World 3

History of Photography Notes
By Jackie Garcia (7/20/2010)
• Francis Frith, Colossal Figure at Abou Simbel-Nubia, 1857
- http://www.francisfrith.com/nubia/photos/colossal-figure-at-abou-simbel-c1857_1793e/
-Very sharp, used different process
-Used man in photo for scale
-Travel Logs
• Frith, The Sphynx & The Great Pyramid Geezah, 1857
- http://www.geh.org/fm/frith/htmlsrc/m197602810048_ful.html#topofimage
-First stock photographer
-Puts photographers in towns to take pictures of the village
-Made stereographs

Early War Photography:
• Roger Fenton, Still Life w/ Fruit & Decanter, 1860
- http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=60694&handle=li
-Used wet collodian
-exotic fruit in picture (for the time)
• Fenton, Scene de Genre, 1857
-Not real, set up scenes
• Fenton, Pasha & Bayadere, 1857
- http://www.museumsyndicate.com/item.php?item=34056
-Sets up Middle East scene
-Hires models
• Fenton, Valley of Shadow of Death, 1855
- http://www.museumsyndicate.com/item.php?item=33950
-Collodian dark room wagon was used in travel
-First war photographer captures canon balls
-Line from bible
• Felice Beato, Japanese Grooms
- http://www.vandaimages.com/results.asp?image=2006BC8136-01&itemw=2&itemf=0001&itemstep=1&itemx=21
-Travels
-Second war photographer
• Beato, Interior of Secundra Bagh after the Massacre, 1857
- http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=105480&handle=li
• Beato, Interior of the North Tako Fort, 1860
- http://artsearch.nga.gov.au/Detail-LRG.cfm?View=LRG&IRN=87471
-Travels to China for opium war, battle at fort
-Shows all the dead, but not European dead (taboo)
• Beato, The Execution Ground, 1860
-Foreign execution dead
-Colorized
• Daumier, Nadar, 1862
-Nadar is the first aerial photographer
-Illustration over Paris http://amica.davidrumsey.com/luna/servlet/detail/AMICO~1~1~21531~35799:Nadar-Elevating-Photography-to-the-?sort=INITIALSORT_CRN,OCS,AMICOID&qvq=q:AMICOID=BMFA.63.1998+;sort:INITIALSORT_CRN,OCS,AMICOID;lc:AMICO~1~1&mi=0&trs=1
• Nadar photographed himself, actors, writers, etc
-Self Portrait as an Aeronaut, 1863 http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=44793&handle=li
-Balloon in studio

American Civil War:
• Anthony, Andrew Jackson, 1845
-On death bed, but still alive
• Brady, Samuel Morse, 1844
-Morse started first photo school (Sarah’s Hero)
• Matt Brady was a student
-Had a portable darkroom, many assistants, and used wet plate.
-He shot Lincoln and Robert E. Lee
• Timothy O’Sullivan, Slaves JJ Smith Plantation S Carolina, 1862
- http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/SlaveTrade/collection/large/LOC-SC-1.JPG
• O’Sullivan, A Harvest of Death Gettysburg, 1863
- http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=64592&handle=li
-He’s a famed assistant
-Union Soldiers-one of the first white deaths captured
-Lost lots of money; dies poor
• Alexander Gardner, Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter Gettysburg, 1863
- http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/cwpcam/cw00171.jpg
-Staged photo
• Gardner, alternate exposure for plate 40 a sharpshooter
-http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/cwpcam/cw00172.jpg
-Dragged dead body and gun to stage shots
-Published in Incidents of War 1863
-He also photographed Lincoln and Grant; also shot execution and Lewis Payne (conspiracy)
http://www.leninimports.com/alexander_gardner_gallery_new.jpg

West War Expansion Photographers:
• O’Sullivan-Official geo photographer for maps
• Jackson records Yellowstone, canyon, Mexico
-Dale Creek Bridge 1885 http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=56701&handle=li
• AJ Russell photographed railroad
• Edward Curtis, Chief Joseph, 1900
-“Noble Savage” myth
-His wife and daughter destroyed his negatives after their separation
• Adam Vroman, Natives of Oraibe, 1900
-Documented Indians as they are; reality
-Not idealized like Curtis
-Photographs interiors and sold artifacts

Notes by Jackie Garcia