Straight New Objectivity 9

Straight Documentary
- the opposite of pictorialism
F64= small aperture, really large depth of field
- new objectivity
- anti-pictorial
- everything in focus
- Pure photography with no technique, composition, etc.

Tina Modotti
- actress, Weston’s lover
- surreal scenes
- documented the Mexican people
- Photographed a lot of hands
- hung out with elite scholars
Photo: Modotti, Compesino with Hay, c1925

Manuel Alvarez Bravo
- discovered my Tina Modotti
- self taught
- eventually met Weston
- highly influenced by surrealists
- becomes famous in Mexico and North America
- experimented with odd angles and simplified compositions
Photo: Alvarez Bravo, Laughing Mannequins, 1930
Alvarez, Striking worker murdered, 1934

Ansel Adams
- west coast styles
- F64, large format
- developed the zone system
- assign a number form 0-10 that represent different values
- pure white to pure black
- a good zone photograph has all
- did contact prints
- environmentalist ( natural landscape as abstraction)
- very into quality of printing
- set up view camera and waited till life was just right
- previsualization= before hit shutter he knew what final print would look like
- he photographed both landscapes and objects
Photo: Adams, moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico, 1941
- not previsualized
- very famous
- his rare portraits were of internment camps
- prison camps for Japanese Americans in the Midwest
- Adams was against them
Harry Callahan
- born in Detroit
- factory worker that became a photographer
- inspired by Ansel Adams
- famous for simple images taken inside city
- gets into abstract expressionism
- no actual subject
Photo: Callahan, Detroit, 1942 (Dirty Snow)
- his wife was his muse
- shot a lot of street scenes
- sometimes used hidden camera

Minor White
- mysticism, religion , and science
- hung out with Adams and Weston (F64)
- co-founded Aperture Magazine
- lived in Rochester
- inspired by Stieglitz Equivalents
- used infrared film (famous for these kind of images)
- styles was in between Callahan and Adam
- likes rich tones in his prints
- started taking pictures that looked like paintings of the time
- abstract impressionist (emulating)
Photo: White, Road and Poplar Trees in the Vicinity of Naples and Dansville, NY, 1955
- most famous work

Frederick Sommer
- into pictures of found objects *like DuChamp
- used 8x10 camera
- took photo of Max Ernst
- famous artist that made collages
- also combined things before he created the photos
Photo: Sommer, Coyotes, 1945
- skinned coyotes, abstract

William Garnett
- pilot that took pictures
- took aerial photographs
- abstraction- seeing the world from a different perspective
-took photos of new suburbs being built
- geometric compositions
Photo: Garnett, Rabbit and Cattle tracks Carrizo Plain

Aaron Siskind
-post WWII
- documented Harlem Renaissance
- “The Most Crowded Block in the World”
- series that documented people in this one black
- eventually moves into abstract imagery
- funded by International Center of Photography
- “Terrors and Pleasures of Levitation” 1954
- pictures of swimmers in a community pool
Photo: Siskind, Savoy Dancers from Harlem Document, 1937

Musette Model
- Photographed streets in France
- documented the people in the street
- dark humor, interesting perspective
- looking for absurd and silly
- straight undoctored images
Photo: Model, Delancey Street, NY, 1942

Wee Gee
- had a darkroom in the trunk of his car
- paparazzi of crime (followed sirens)
- Depression Era
- “Naked City” – Book
- freelancer that used a 4x5 graph flex camera- flash gun
- film noir= city at sleep
Photo: Wee Gee, their first murder, 1941
- supposed to be humorous
- seeing the dark side

Cartier Bresson
- drafted in French Army, captured by Germans
- Shot with a Leica (Porsche of cameras)
- slim camera
- quiet
- very portable, suitable for shooting in the street
- decisive moment= idea he developed, magic that only photographer’s can capture
- don’t’ make the picture, take the picture
- the moment is more important than the print
Photo: Bresson, Behind the Gate, Saint Lazare, 1932
- perfect reflection of a man jumping